The report, based on research findings and a series of focus groups, says that the majority of UK manufacturers are at the first stage of a three part 4IR journey that will take them from conception, through to evolution and, finally, revolution.
It says that 4IR will herald smarter production, supply chains and products and will boost the number of high-skilled jobs in the UK, but warns that the speed of change will be unprecedented, leaving little room for complacency. Without industry and supply chain leadership, coupled with a supportive industrial strategy, the UK could be left behind.
Manufacturers’ expectations are of a step change in connectivity and communication and in getting actionable insights from data. Over six in ten manufacturers (61%) say digital technologies will boost productivity, while three quarters (74%) say that 4IR will fundamentally change customers’ expectations. This in turn will require firms to change and adapt in order to meet marketplace needs, customer expectations and, of course, to remain competitive.
Almost seven in ten (68%) manufacturers say that 4IR will happen faster than previous changes in manufacturing. And while most are seemingly confident about managing the pace of change, almost four in ten (39%) are concerned about their firms’ ability to keep up. A further third (32%) are worried about the competition that will be brought about by this industrial change.
Manufacturers are developing their investment strategies accordingly, with the main focus being on connecting up with supply chains and end customers, and enabling smarter production processes. Many are already optimising existing business processes.
Early stage investments in the evolution phase are being considered or are already taking place with cloud solutions (66%), multi-purpose production lines (55%) and capital equipment with embedded sensors and analytics (54%) leading the investment pack.
At the same time, the report says that the first step doesn’t have to be about making large investments in technology. Manufacturers can prepare for 4IR by changing their company culture to allow for greater innovation, adopting a visionary approach to leadership and giving their IT teams a more strategic business planning role.
Government too has a role to play and should ensure that its new industrial strategy provides the right building blocks to enable UK manufacturing to successfully undergo this transformation.
Lee Hopley, Chief Economist at EEF, says: “4IR is happening and the UK’s success in this global industrial transformation will hinge on manufacturers’ strategies and ambitions. 4IR goes far beyond simply investing in new technologies and techniques – this new era requires cultural shifts, new business models and the ability to adapt and innovate. Above all, it requires strong leadership.
“Manufacturers are ready to do the heavy lifting, but their efforts must be supported across the sector and supply chains and backed up by Government through its new industrial strategy. If we get this approach right then the UK can expect to be at the forefront of this global industrial wave – get it wrong, however, and the UK will be left trailing in its wake.”
Vikram Singla, Product Innovation and Supply Chain Apps Leader at Oracle, says: “It is very encouraging to see UK manufacturers have taken note of the major changes coming to their industry and the role of technology. The technological element of this transformation is critical as it will mean change happens at unprecedented pace.
“Cloud computing in particular and the scale, speed, flexibility and agility it enables will mean businesses will very quickly be able to make changes to everything from production processes to the way they manage their supply chains, product innovation and customer relationships. Similarly, in a smarter, more technological age of manufacturing, cloud will help businesses to collect and analyse the data created by their business processes, instilling a culture of constant improvement, refinement and efficiency.”
The report – The 4th Industrial Revolution – a primer for manufacturers – can be downloaded here.