Manufacturing recovery not yet secure despite exchange rate benefits – EEF/BDO Survey

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Manufacturing recovery not yet secure despite exchange rate benefits – EEF/BDO Survey

  • Post Brexit impact mixed but investment concerns remain
  • Expected improvement in output & orders knocked off track
  • Renewed weakness in UK demand and concern for UK economic outlook
  • Export picture boosted by fall in Sterling though pricing pressures increase
  • Recruitment intentions set to improve
  • Investment intentions remain at lowest level since financial crisis

Britain’s manufacturers are seeing a mixed picture which will delay the prospect of a return to stronger growth until the end of the year according to a survey published today by EEF, the manufacturer’s organisation and business advisers BDO LLP.

The EEF/BDO Manufacturing Outlook survey for the third quarter shows that, despite last week’s stronger PMI data for August, activity levels remain largely unchanged from the second quarter, while manufacturers’ confidence about future prospects for the overall UK economy have taken a knock.

In contrast to the prospects for the UK, however, the export picture looks more positive on the back of the fall in Sterling and stronger demand from the EU, US and emerging markets. However the flipside of Sterling’s depreciation has been increased pressure on profits this quarter with price increases planned for the next three months.

After a sideways move this quarter there is an expectation across the sector that output and orders balances will finally move into positive territory by the end of the year. This is supporting plans for recruitment across some sectors in the next three months, but is not yet sufficient to prompt a turnaround in investment plans.

According to EEF, with subdued investment intentions and fragile confidence in the UK outlook, government will need to proceed quickly in developing an ambitious industrial strategy to make the UK an attractive proposition for future manufacturing investment. This will become even more critical once negotiations to leave the EU begin and Article 50 is triggered.

Commenting, Ms Lee Hopley, Chief Economist at EEF, said:

“Manufacturers’ confidence collapsed in the aftermath of the referendum, but our latest survey provides some relief that this has corrected. Signs of an export revival are helping to drive more optimism about activity in the second half of the year, but concerns about whether the UK economy can shrug off post-referendum challenges is clearly evident.

“These risks are expected to hit some sectors such as with industries linked to investment goods and construction harder than others. Despite the short-term outlook for manufacturing remaining broadly stable, the continued downward slide in investment plans should keep policy makers alive to the potential risks facing the sector.”

Tom Lawton, Partner and Head, BDO Manufacturing, said:

“While the outlook for the UK economy remains uncertain, manufacturers are more confident about their own business performance. This shows they believe there is a positive way forward from here and that Brexit might not have been the portent of recession.

“Some sectors are clearly facing longer term structural challenges where global factors are at play and these are unlikely to abate anytime soon. However, history shows that in difficult economic circumstances there are always sectors and companies that thrive on being driven to innovate, develop new products and search out new markets and customers. These are the factors that successful companies will be focusing on to continue this improvement in business performance.”

According to the survey, output went into reverse in the last three months, with the balance dropping to -7% from -4% in Q2, although this is expected to return to growth in the final quarter (+4%). While this was reflected in most sectors, mechanical equipment suffered a big decline on the back of poor investment intentions and the cutbacks in the oil & gas sector.

Order in-take also disappointed in the past three months, deteriorating slightly to -4% from -2%, with all sectors under-performing against expectations. Mechanical equipment again bore the brunt of the decline (-17%). The uncertain demand in the UK economy was reflected in a balance of –9% in the last three months and although the balance for the next three months has moved into positive territory to +4% the domestic outlook remains uncertain.

In contrast, however, export orders have exceeded expectations moving into positive territory in the last quarter to +2%, the highest balance since 2014q2. In the light of the fall in Sterling manufacturers are far more positive about future export orders, +12%, with the biggest driver appearing to be demand from the EU. The sector picture remains extremely mixed with electronics and electrical equipment posting the best export balance whilst, in contrast, the outlook for the mechanical equipment and basic metals sectors looks very challenging.

Manufacturers’ recruitment of new employees, lost momentum in the third quarter and fell into negative territory (-5%). However, future intentions have turned round to +8%, perhaps reflecting recruitment plans that were put on hold ahead of the referendum now being resurrected. Investment prospects continued to deteriorate, down for the fourth consecutive quarter to -10% from -9%.

The survey also showed that manufacturers’ profit margins were squeezed considerably as a result of rising input costs from Sterling’s depreciation, with UK and export margins at -22% and -21% respectively. However, price pressures are set to ease in the final quarter as UK prices turned positive for the first time since 2015q2, providing some relief for manufacturers’ profit margins.

EEF’s forecasts for UK growth were revised in July, following the referendum, and our growth projections for the economy this year and next remain unchanged at 1.7% and 0.8% respectively. However, forecasts for manufacturing output have been revised up to 0.4% in 2016 (from -0.3% in July) and -0.7% in 2017 (from -1.1%).

The survey covered 450 respondents between 4 and 24 August


About EEF

EEF, the manufacturers’ organisation, is the representative voice of UK manufacturing, with offices in London, Brussels, every English region and Wales. This year we celebrate 120 years of backing Britain’s makers.

Collectively we represent 20,000 companies of all sizes, from start-ups to multinationals, across engineering, manufacturing, technology and the wider industrial sector. We directly represent over 5,000 businesses who are members of EEF. Everything we do – from providing essential business support and training to championing manufacturing industry in the UK and the EU – is designed to help British manufacturers compete, innovate and grow.

From HR and employment law, health and safety to environmental and productivity improvement, our advice, expertise and influence enables businesses to remain safe, compliant and future-focused.

More information at   

About BDO

Accountancy and business advisory firm BDO LLP has a clear ambition to be known in the market for exceptional service delivered by empowered people. The Mid-Market Monitor shows that BDO is the market leader for client satisfaction for the fourth year running – outperforming all its major competitors.

BDO’s heartland is the mid-market. The UK mid-market accounts for less than 1% of all firms but delivers a third of UK revenue and one in four jobs. In the last five years, medium-sized businesses have grown turnover by 55% and profits by 110%. BDO’s New Economy research ( calls for the government to put the UK mid-market at the heart of its plans to rebalance the economy and help this already successful sector expand further.  


BDO LLP operates in 18 offices across the UK, employing 3,500 people offering tax, audit and assurance, and a range of advisory services. BDO LLP is the UK member firm of the BDO International network with revenues approaching £400m.

BDO International

The BDO International network provides business advisory services in 154 countries, with 64,500 people working out of 1,400 offices worldwide. It has revenues of $7.3bn.


Media Team 020 7654 1576

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