Rules of Origin

The next most important trade policy instrument which will affect all UK manufacturers are Rules of Origin. Currently, the movement of goods within the EU Customs Union is not based on where they originate but their compliance with free circulation inside the Single Market. For the customs clearance of goods after the UK exits the EU, specific rules of Origin become necessary to determine the economic nationality of a product entering to and from the EU, and the UK. Given it is not easy to determine where a product comes from when raw materials and parts are sourced and manufactured often in different locations across the world within any one supply chain, a set of rules will need to be agreed between the UK and the EU to determine a single nationality of each product crossing each other’s borders.

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What to do about Rules of Origin:


Step 1:

Assess the percentage of your component parts/inputs of the product you manufacture – what came from EU or the rest of the world. Read more about this on Page 2 of our Rules of Origin report.


Step 2:

Look at whether the manufacturing process ‘substantially transforms’ the inputs you are using into a completely new product. There is more information about this on Page 3 of our Rules of Origin report.


Step 3:

Compare HS tariff codes assigned to the component parts and the final product. The World Trade Organisation tariff database has more detail.


Step 4:

Assess the percentage of value added that occurs in your manufacturing process. Our Rules of Origin report has further information about this.


Our exclusive online Brexit Trade Tool can help you manage the Rules of Origin requirements after Brexit. Click here to find out more.


<Go back to the step-by-step Brexit Guide to Trade


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