The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) entered into force today. The Directive which consolidates the Industrial Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (IPPC) and six other existing Directives related to industrial installations was designed with the aim of providing a single clear and coherent legislative instrument for controlling pollution from industrial operations.
The Industrial Emissions Directive was the outcome of a difficult and, at times, protracted lobbying campaign, but resulted in a workable and pragmatic outcome for industry and which ensures an improving level of environmental protection from sources of industrial pollution. EEF was actively engaged on this campaign issue from the outset.
At the core of the new Directive are the provisions to include an operating lifetime extension for large combustion plants and the continuation of derogations for operators from Best Available Technique (BAT) where justified.
The UK government (DEFRA) and regulator (Environment Agency) will begin working closely with stakeholders on how to implement the new requirements of IED. The UK (and other Member States) has until 6 January 2013 to transpose the requirements of IED into national legislation (i.e. 2 years from 'entry into force'). In England & Wales this is likely to be via the Environmental Permitting Regulations.
Other important IED dates which are noteworthy are:
- From the 6 January 2013 IED will apply to all new installations
- From 6 January 2014 IED will apply to existing installations that previously were subject to IPPC, WID, SED and TiO2 directives (but not LCPs).
- From 6 July 2015 IED will apply to existing installations operating newly prescribed activities (e.g. specified waste recovery activities, wood preservation.
- From 1 January 2016 LCPs must meet the specific requirements set out in Chapter III and Annex V of the IED
The IED builds upon the IPPC Directive, which is liked by industry for its risk-based approach to determining environmental permitting decisions. It is now important that the Directive is successfully transposed into UK law. EEF will be working as a key stakeholder in future government discussions to ensure this is the case.